About Us


In 1973, the creation of Sagarmatha National Park was officially announced at WWF's 3rd International Congress in Bonn, Germany. The park would conserve the Everest Ecosystem along with its endangered wildlife and rich Sherpa culture. Following this declaration, Sagarmatha National Park was established in 19 July 1976, covering an area of 1148 km2 in Solukhumbu district in Eastern Development Region of Nepal. In recognition of its superlative natural phenomenon and unique culture, the park was inscribed in World Heritage Site list in 1979. The Buffer Zone was declared on 1st January 2002 covering an area of 275 km2 including the settlements inside the park. In 23rd September 2007, Gokyo and associated lakes were designated as Wetlands of International Importance under Ramsar Convention. Sagarmatha is a Nepali word derived from सगर sagar meaning "sky" and माथा matha meaning "head". Thus Sagarmatha means forehead of the sky. This majestically scenic mountain park of snow-covered peaks, gorges and glaciers dominated by the highest mountain on Earth is geologically interesting and its wilderness values are outstanding. The Dudh Kosi valley is home to the unique culture of the Sherpas and is an ecological unit of biological, socio-economic and religious importance. Rare animals such as snow leopard and red panda live in the Park. In the Himalayan Mountains on the border with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China, the Park lies in the upper catchment of the Dudh Kosi river, about 140 km east of Kathmandu and is centred on 27o57’55”N by 86o54’47”E. The Park is bordered to the east by Makalu Barun National Park, Rolwaling valley of Gaurishankar Conservation Area to the west, Qomolangma National Nature Preserve to the north and Sagarmatha National Park Buffer Zone to the south.

Physical Features

The Park’s core area covers the upper headwaters of the Bhote Kosi, Dudh Kosi and Imja Khola rivers which fan out under the crest of the Himalaya Mountains on the Tibetan border and meet near the area’s main settlement, Namche Bazar. The buffer area reaches down the Dodh Kosi valley to Lukla 18 km south of Namche. The Park is enclosed by high mountain ranges and lies over extremely rugged terrain, deeply incised valleys and glaciers culminating in Sagarmatha / Mt.Everest, the world’s highest mountain. The catchments are ringed by 25 or more peaks over 6,000m, and seven - Baruntse, Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumo Ri, Guachung Kang, Cho-Oyu, and Nangpai Gosum - over 7,000m high. The rivers are fed by the long glaciers at the head of each valley: Nangpa Glacier on the Bhote Kosi, Ngozumpa Glacier on the Dodh Kosi, Khumbu Glacier on the Lobuje Khola and the Imja Glacier, one of eight which feed the Imja Khola under Sagarmatha. The Ngozumpa Glacier, 20 km long, is bordered on the west by the four Gokyo lakes impounded behind its lateral moraine. All the glaciers show signs of retreat and several glacial lakes have formed in recent decades; one, Imja Dzo which started to form in the 1970s, is now 1,200 ha in area and 45m deep. The upper valleys are U-shaped but below about 3,000m the rivers cut steep ravines through the sedimentary rocks and underlying granites. Near Namche Bazar they join the Dodh Kosi which drains eventually into the Ganges. Except for some alluvial and colluvial deposits at lower levels, the soils are skeletal.

Fact Sheet

Key Value
Location Northern mountain of eastern Nepal
National Park Establishment 19 July 1976 (04 Shrawan, 2033)
National Park Area 1,148 Square Kilometers
IUCN Category II
World Heritage Site Declaration 1979 (UNESCO)
Buffer Zone Declaration 01 January, 2002 (17 Poush, 2058)
Buffer Zone Area 275 Square Kilometers
Buffer Zone Households 1,619
Buffer Zone Population 7,745
Major Ethnic Group Sherpa
Major Religion Buddhism
Major Glaciers Khumbu, Imja, Ngozumpa and Nangpa
Ramsar Site Gokyo and the associated wetlands
Major Rivers DudhKoshi, Bhotekoshi and ImjaKhola
Major Peaks Sagarmatha (8,848 m), Lhotse (8,501 m), Cho Oyu (8,153 m) and Nuptse (7,896 m)
Bioclimatic Zone Lower Temperate, Upper Temperate, Sub-alpine, Alpine and Nival
Climate Temperate to Arctic
Main Mammals Snow Leopard, Musk Deer and Red Panda
Major Trees Pine, Hemlock, Fir, Juniper and Birch
Annual Visitors 50,882 in the Fiscal Year 2079/80 (Foreign Tourists Only)
Annual Revenue Rs. 14,81,36,801.23 in the Fiscal Year 2079/80

About Us

Sagarmatha National Park was established in 19 July 1976, covering an area of 1148 km2 in Solukhumbu district in Eastern Development Region of Nepal.

Contact Us

  • snp.namche@gmail.com
  • +977-38-540114
  • +977-38-540395
  • Namche Bazaar, Solukhumbu, Nepal